[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Number 1 (Jan & Feb 2017) ::
J Research Health 2017, 7(1): 551-562 Back to browse issues page
The compare psychological profiles of people based on MMPI-2’s scales
Mojtaba Habibi , Mohsen Dehghani, Hashem Jebraeili, Mani Bahrami Monajemi
Department of Family Health, Faculty of Family Institute, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1663 Views)

Considering the importance of screening and identifying people at risk of mental disorders in order to determine the prevalence of mental disorders and carry out activities to the prevention and treatment, the present study aimed to compare psychological profiles of people based on MMPI-2’s scales according to birth order, age and educational level in general population of 18-80 years old. Current study is analytical- cross sectional. Statistical population included all Iranian people between 18 to 80 years old who had minimum 8 classes of education and had no history of mental illness or brain injury. Among this population, 1418 individuals were selected by ratio sampling method from Tehran, Isfahan, Mashhad, Tabriz and Shiraz cities and they were assessed by Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI-2). Results showed there is significant difference between people according to their age in scales of L (Lying), D (Depression), Ma (Mania), Pt (Psychastenia), Sc(Schizophrenia), and Si(Social Introversion), and there was significant difference based on level of education in scales of F (Infrequency), K (Defensiveness), Pa (Paranoia), Pt (Psychastenia), Sc (Schizophrenia) and Si (Social Introversion). However, there was no significant differences between individuals based on birth order in validity and clinical scale of MMPI-2. Education and age are important factors which can influence mental health. It can be inferred that people with high level of education in comparison of people with low educational level have fewer mental disorders and higher mental wellbeing. Furthermore, people of different ages show different patterns of mental disorders.

Keywords: Age, Birth Order, Education, Psychological
Full-Text [PDF 541 kb]   (2858 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Applicable
Received: 2014/11/26 | Accepted: 2015/06/20 | Published: 2016/12/26
1. McIntyre D, Rowland M, Choi K, Sarkin A. Gender differences in the relationships between mental health symptoms, impairment, and treatment-related behaviors among college students. Mental Health & Prevention 2014; 2: 80–85. Kessler RC, Beglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikanga KR, Walters EE. Lifetime prevalence and age onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62 (6): 593-602. Serrano-Blanco A, Palao D J, Luciano J V, Pinto-Meza A, Luján L, Fernández A, Roura P, Bertsch J, Mercader M, Haro J M. Prevalence of mental disorders in primary care: results from the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in primary care study (DASMAP). Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2010; 45(2): 201-210. Kessler R C, Demler O, Frank R G, Olfson M, Pincus H A, Walters E E, et al. US prevalence and treatment of mental disorders, 1990 to 2003. N Engl J Med 2005; 352 (24): 2515–2523. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mental Illness Surveillance Among adults in the United States. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2011. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Results from the 2011 national survey on drug use and health: Mental health findings. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality; 2012. Insel T R. Assessing the economic costs of serious mental illness. Am J Psych 2008; 165 (6): 663–665. Ghuloum S, Bener A, Abou-Saleh M T. Prevalence of mental disorders in adult population attending primary health care setting in Qatari population. J Pak Med Assoc 2011; 61(3): 216- 221. Khalilzadeh N. Study of mental health of Payame Noor students. Peik Noor 2008; 8 (1): 20- 29. (Persian) Danesh E. A comparison of happiness, physical and mental health in male and female students' married and single of university. J Applied Psychology 2011; 4(16): 56-71. (Persian) Laakso H, Paunonen-Illmonen M. Mother’s experience of social support. J Clin Nurs 2002; 11(2): 176-185. Wilson Ch M, Oswald A J. How does marriage affect physical and psychological health? A survey of the longitudinal evidence. Forschungs institute zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study of Labor; 2005. Dundenive C, Sleep J, Johnson D. Sensing an improvement: An experimental study to evaluate the use aromatherapy, massage and periods of rest in an intensive care unit. J ADV Nurs 1994; 21: 17-33. Berkman L F. The role of social relations in health promotion. Psychoses MED 1995; 57: 245- 254. Archer R P. Review of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). In The Eleventh Mental Measurements Yearbook. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, Buros Institute of Mental Measurements 1992; 558-562. Archer R P, Gordon R A, Giannetti R A, Singles J M. MMPI scale clinical correlates for adolescent inpatients. J Pers Assess 1988; 52: 707-721. Dudley H K, Mason M, Hughes R. The MMPI and adolescent patients in a state hospital. J Youth Adolesc 1972; 1: 165-178. Colligan R, Osborne D. MMPI profiles of adolescent medical patients. J Clin Psychol 1977; 33: 186-189. Gold M, Petronis R J. Delinquent behavior in adolescents. In J. Adelson (Ed.),Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980; 495-535. Hathaway S R, Monachesi E D. Adolescent personality and behavior: MMPI patterns 1963. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; 1963. Wisniewski N M, Glenwick D S, Graham J R. MacAndrew scale and sociodemographic correlates of alcohol and drug use. Addict Behav 1985; 10: 55-67. Wolfson K P, Erbaugh S E. Adolescent responses to the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale. J Consult Clin Psychol 1984; 2: 625-630. Mootabi F, Shahrami A. (1374). Preparation and standardization of the MMPI-2 scale in Tehran. Master's thesis. Tehran Psychiatric Institute; 1995. (Persian) Marnat Grey Gras. Psychological Evaluation Guidelines for clinical psychologists, psychiatrists and counselors. Translation Publishing House Hasan Pasha Sharifi and Mohammad Reza Nykkhv, Tehran growth; 2005. (Persian) Hoseinchari M, Davoodi H, Hooman H A, Sharifi H. Shorted and Iranian form of MMPI-2. J Educational Measurement 2000; 3: 31-48. (Persian) Tabachnick B, Fidell L. Using multivariate statistics. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon; 2013. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edn, Washington D.C: APA; 1994. Johnson D R, Wu J. An empirical test of crisis, social selection, and role explain the relationship between marital disruption and psychological distress: A pooled time series of four-wave panel data. J Marriage Fam 2002; 10: 224-238. Stack S, Eshleman J R. Marital status and happiness: A 17 nation study. J Marriage Fam 1998; 60: 527-536.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >

DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jrh.7.1.551

XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Habibi M, Dehghani M, Jebraeili H, Bahrami Monajemi M. The compare psychological profiles of people based on MMPI-2’s scales. J Research Health. 2017; 7 (1) :551-562
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-927-en.html
Volume 7, Number 1 (Jan & Feb 2017) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Research and Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.052 seconds with 792 queries by yektaweb 3478