Volume 6, Issue 5 (Nov & Dec 2016)                   J Research Health 2016, 6(5): 504-511 | Back to browse issues page


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Shahali S, Lamyian M, Mohammadi E, Kashanian M, Eslami M. Social constraints and sexual violence: experiences of female victims of sexual violence of receiving health care services. J Research Health. 2016; 6 (5) :504-511
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-596-en.html
1- Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
2- Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran , lamyianm@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Nursing, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
4- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
5- Department of Population Family and Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran
Abstract:   (5457 Views)

Because of the nature of sexual violence, using medical services by female victims is different from use of these services in other circumstance. Thus, this qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis to understand particular experiences of female victims of sexual violence of receiving medical services. In-depth non-structured interviews were performed with 10 purposefully selected female victims of sexual violence attending public and private health centers in Ahvaz and Tehran, Iran. Data extracted from interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis based on Graneheim-Lundman technique and three themes emerged: "discontinuation of treatment", "social sensitivity and stigma of loss of hymen", and "conflict between expectations and services received". These themes reflect victims’ concern about people’s treatment and fear of social stigmatization, which leads to concealing incident of sexual violence and failure to receive medical services, and encourages victims to think about illegal ways to resolve the issue of social stigma following sexual violence. These results indicate "social constraints and damage following stigma". Thus, it seems necessary to design educational programs to create changes in social attitude and eliminate judgmental behaviors of medical team toward victims of sexual violence, so as to facilitate victims' access to medical services.

Full-Text [PDF 334 kb]   (645 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Promotion
Received: 2013/12/29 | Accepted: 2014/04/9 | Published: 2016/10/25

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