Volume 9, Issue 6 (Nov & Dec 2019)                   J Research Health 2019, 9(6): 533-543 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Vice-Chairperson of the Therapeutics, Department of Mental Health and Addiction, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, School of Education, New Mexico Highlands University, Las Vegas, United States
3- Department of Neuroscience and Addiction Studies, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , shahab.baheshmat@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1820 Views)
Substance abuse is also related to psychological skills that affect the treatment process. Identifying the role of these skills can be useful for the development of a better intervention. This purpose of this study was to compare the coping strategies and emotion regulation profiles among opium users, methadone maintenance treatment clients, and normal individuals. The sample was selected among patients and their accompanies–relatives or friends–as attending to Sari substance abuse treatment centers in spring 2016 to start or continue professional treatment. By using convenience sampling method, participants were assigned to three groups: opium users (n= 43), methadone maintenance treatment clients (n= 45), and control group (n= 43). Measuring tools included coping inventory for stressful situations and the difficulties in emotion regulation scale for all participants in the three groups. Significant differences were observed between the control and experimental groups: compared to the control group, opium users and methadone maintenance treatment clients had more emotion regulation difficulties and more adopted avoidance and emotion-focused coping strategies. By exploring the variables associated with the onset, persistence, and severity of substance abuse, the findings suggested groundwork for further researches which could be incorporated in prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation evidence-based methods to ameliorate the rate of substance abuse and dependency and related harms.
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Promotion
Received: 2016/09/29 | Accepted: 2017/10/25 | Published: 2019/11/13

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