Volume 12, Issue 4 (Jul & Aug- In Press 2022)                   J Research Health 2022, 12(4): 3-3 | Back to browse issues page

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Aakbari M, Mohammadkhani S, Babaeifard M, Shokrani B. The Relationship between Early Maladaptive Schemas and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: A Systematic Review. J Research Health. 2022; 12 (4) :3-3
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2034-en.html
1- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran .
2- Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Department of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3- Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. , m.babaeifard@yahoo.com
4- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (289 Views)
Background: Non- suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a maladaptive strategy that its main function is regulating emotions in youth and adolescents. Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) were identified to affect NSSI. The objective of this review was to provide a synthesis of the literature on the relationship between EMS and NSSI.
Methods: A systematic review was conducted via the electronic databases PsycINFO, PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Inclusion criteria were (i) the study examined the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and NSSI, (ii) full-text available in the English language, (iii) the study was a piece of published empirical quantitative research. The risk of bias assessment was also evaluated by the authors.
Results: Ten studies were investigated. The relationship between EMS and NSSI was identified from different points of view. The results confirmed a developmental model of NSSI and shame that focuses on the function of this behavior as a way of regulating emotions (especially shame) in individuals with a predisposition for emerging EMS and schema modes.
Limitations: A major limitation of this review is the absence of longitudinal research.
Conclusions: It’s important to address EMSs and modes that lead to NSSI engagement in both preventive and therapeutic interventions.
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Health Psychology and Social Health
Received: 2021/12/14 | Accepted: 2022/05/31 | Published: 2022/06/9

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