Volume 10, Issue 3 (May & June 2020)                   J Research Health 2020, 10(3): 193-200 | Back to browse issues page


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Esmaeili M, Kianmehr M, Rasekhi H, Basirimoghadam A, Kianmehr M, Pouryousef M et al . Identifying the Dominant Dietary Patterns Among Adults in Gonabad City in 2019. J Research Health. 2020; 10 (3) :193-200
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1829-en.html
1- Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Gonabad Branch, Gonabad, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3- Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Faculty of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
5- Department of Nutrition Sciences, Varastegan Institute for Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
6- Department of Human Sciences, Shahid Rajaei Institute for Teacher Training, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
7- Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Gonabad Branch, Gonabad, Iran. , meskafi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (369 Views)
Background: A healthy diet is one of the most important aspects of health. Nowadays, scrutinizing dietary patterns rather than specific nutrients have prime importance. The purpose of this study is to identify the dominant dietary patterns among adults in Gonabad City in 2019. 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 250 individuals aged 18-70 years living in Gonabad were selected by multistage random sampling from urban zones 1, 2, and 3 covered by community health centers. Regular dietary intakes of individuals over the past year were obtained using the food frequency questionnaire, and demographic characteristics were obtained via face-to-face interviews. Factor analysis was used to identify dominant dietary patterns. The relationship between dominant dietary patterns and demographic characteristics was assessed employing a Chi-square test. 
Results: Participants’ ages range from 36.40±13.16 years, of whom 44.8% were male, 82.4% were married and 60% were employed. Two healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns were identified. There was a statistically significant relationship between healthy dietary patterns and variables of age (P<0.001), sex (P=0.01), and occupation (P<0.001). Moreover, there was a statistically significant relationship between unhealthy dietary patterns with variables of age (P<0.001), sex (P=0.014), and the number of family members (P=0.035). Demographic characteristics are among the influential factors affecting the type of adult food pattern in Gonabad. It is suggested to consider demographic factors in determining the relationship between dietary patterns and disease.
Conclusion: Demographic characteristics are among the influential factors affecting the type of adult food pattern in Gonabad. It is suggested to consider demographic factors in determining the relationship between dietary patterns and disease.
Keywords: Diet, Healthy, Demography, Adult
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Sociology
Received: 2019/09/28 | Accepted: 2020/01/21 | Published: 2020/06/14

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