Volume 14, Issue 1 (Jan & Feb 2024)                   J Research Health 2024, 14(1): 43-54 | Back to browse issues page


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Tiwari G K, Tiwari R P, Pandey R, Ray B, Dwivedi A, Sharma D N, et al . Perceived Life Outcomes of Indian Children During the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Lockdown: The Protective Roles of Joint and Nuclear Families. J Research Health 2024; 14 (1) :43-54
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2357-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Dr Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, India. , gyaneshpsychology@gmail.com
2- Vice-Chancellor, Central University of Punjab, Punjab, India.
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
4- Department of Linguistics, School of Languages, Dr Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, India.
5- Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Dr Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, India.
6- Department of History, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Dr Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, India.
7- Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
8- Department of Psychology, Amity Institute of Behavioural & Allied Sciences, Amity University, Rajasthan, India.
Abstract:   (12887 Views)
Background: Although many negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are reported for adults, little is known about its impacts on children, especially in terms of the relative roles of joint and nuclear families. Using a qualitative design, we explored the protective roles of joint and nuclear families in shaping the children’s life outcomes during COVID-19. 
Methods: In a qualitative study, 16 full-time mothers of children aged 9-12 years (8 each from joint and nuclear families) from Sagar City, India were interviewed during June and July 2020. Interview contents were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using the thematic analysis method.
Results: Five major themes were identified, negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, differences in positive engagements, emotional protective benefits, promotion of positive health habits, and routine activity management strategies. The results showed that the joint families availed and utilized more resources to positively engage their children in creativity, studies, exercise, and entertainment during the restrictions of the lockdown compared to the nuclear families. Contrary to the nuclear families, the joint families emphasized resolving emotional grievances, promoting positive emotional engagement, and extending more emotional support to their children. The joint and nuclear families also differed in their children’s food habits, health grievances, and physical exercise. Also, the joint families played more positive roles in managing children’s play behaviors, sleep habits, television watching, and other children’s activities compared to the nuclear families.
Conclusion: The distinctive availability of experiential, emotional, relational, and positive value resources and knowledge repertoires of the two family systems may have extended differential protective benefits to their children during the COVID-19 lockdown.
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: ● Psychosocial Health
Received: 2023/05/17 | Accepted: 2023/09/5 | Published: 2024/02/1

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