Volume 11, Issue 1 (Jan & Feb 2021)                   J Research Health 2021, 11(1): 29-36 | Back to browse issues page


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Nikmanesh Z, Darvish Molla M, Mehranfard M. The Mediating Role of Alexithymia in the Relationship Between Defense Mechanisms and Tendency to High-risk Behaviors Among Adolescents. J Research Health. 2021; 11 (1) :29-36
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1518-en.html
1- Department of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran. , nikmanesh@ped.usb.ac.ir
2- Department of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
Abstract:   (235 Views)
Background: Although high-risk behaviors lead to adverse physical, psychological, and sociological consequences, less attention has been paid to identifying their related factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of alexithymia in the relationship between defense mechanisms and high-risk behaviors among adolescents in Zahedan. 
Methods: In this descriptive-correlative study, junior and senior high school students of Zahedan, Iran were studied in the academic year 2015-2016. A sample of 250 (125 males and 125 females) students were chosen by multi-stage cluster sampling and asked to complete the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS), and the Risk-Taking Scale (IARS) for Iranian Adolescents. Data analysis was conducted by measuring coefficients of correlation and performing a path analysis. 
Results: Path analysis showed a significant correlation between defense mechanisms and alexithymia (P<0.01) and a significant correlation was found between immature defense mechanisms and high-risk behaviors (P<0.01). 
Conclusion: In the relationship between dysfunctional defense mechanisms and high-risk activities, alexithymia played a mediating role. It can be inferred that dysfunctional defense mechanisms play a key role in high-risk activities by influencing alexithymia.
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Psychology and Social Health
Received: 2018/01/17 | Accepted: 2019/11/23 | Published: 2021/01/2

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