Volume 10, Issue 6 (Nov & Dec 2020)                   J Research Health 2020, 10(6): 351-358 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahrari A, Miri M R, Ramezani A A, Dastjerdi R, Hosseini T. Efficacy of Communication Skills Training in Marital Disturbance. J Research Health. 2020; 10 (6) :351-358
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1639-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. , miri_moh2516@yahoo.com
3- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
4- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Educational Scinces and Psychology, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (299 Views)
Background: Marital disturbance widely impact the quality of marriage in couples. Besides, the lack of communication skills among couples is considered as one of the most significant personal factors influencing marriage distress. Therefore, this research aimed to determine the impact of communication skills training on marital disturbance. 
Methods: In this interventional study, the target population was all couples residing in the marginal regions of Birjand City, in 2016. Sixty couples (N=120) were randomly selected and assigned into two groups of intervention (30 couples) and control (30 couples). The data collection instrument consisted of two sections of private information and the Pines couple burnout measure. 
Results: Educational intervention was conducted for the intervention group in six sessions of 120 minutes. The questionnaire was completed before and three months after the intervention, in both groups. Then, the obtained data were analyzed using the chi-squared test, independent t-test, and paired t-test, considering the significant level of 0.05, in SPSS V. 18. The Mean±SD age was 32.27±6.24 years and 34.85±5.74 years in the intervention and control groups, respectively. Also, the Mean±SD marriage life of couples was 7.33±5.29 years and 9.57±5.73 years in the intervention and control groups, respectively. 
Conclusion: The mean of marital disturbance modifications, marital distress, and physical and emotional loss significantly differed between the intervention and control groups (P<0.05). Communication skills training can significantly reduce marital distress and its dimensions, including physical, emotional, and mental retardation, in couples living in the suburb.
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Promotion
Received: 2018/07/19 | Accepted: 2019/11/24 | Published: 2020/12/1

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