Volume 10, Issue 6 (Nov & Dec 2020)                   J Research Health 2020, 10(6): 393-402 | Back to browse issues page

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Motamedi H, Samavi A, Fallahchai R. Effectiveness of Group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy vs Group-based Cognitive-behavioral Therapy in the Psychological Hardiness of Single Mothers. J Research Health 2020; 10 (6) :393-402
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1754-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Research Center of Educational and Behavioral Sciences, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran. , wahab.samavi@gmail.com
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (2457 Views)
Background: Hardiness as a fundamental element of control plays a constructive role in coping with stress and moderates the effects of stress. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and group-based Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT)in the psychological hardiness of single mothers. 
Methods: The research was conducted using a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with control group. Also, the statistical population included all female-headed families in the region 16 of Tehran. From women with low scores in the Ahvaz psychological hardiness questionnaire, 45 women were randomly selected and assigned into three groups: two experimental and one control group. The acceptance and commitment and cognitive-behavioral therapies were implemented in the first and second experimental groups, respectively; the control group did not receive any intervention. The experimental groups received nine training sessions. Then, the study hypotheses were tested using the 1-way analysis of covariance. 
Results: Both interventions effectively increased the psychological hardiness in the single mothers, but no significant difference was found between the two intervention groups (P=0.38). 
Conclusion: According to the results, it is possible to increase the psychological hardiness of the single mothers by group-based acceptance and commitment therapy and group-based cognitive-behavioral therapy.
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Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: ● Psychosocial Health
Received: 2019/03/30 | Accepted: 2019/07/15 | Published: 2020/11/1

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