Volume 11, Issue 6 (Nov & Dec - In Press 2021)                   J Research Health 2021, 11(6): 5-5 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadian S, Asgari P, Makvandi B, Naderi F. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Anxiety, Cognitive Avoidance and Empathy among Couples Visiting Counseling Centers in Ahvaz City. J Research Health. 2021; 11 (6) :5-5
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1955-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. , paskarii45@gmail.com
Abstract:   (76 Views)
Background: Anxiety can reduce the coupleschr('39') self-confidence and consequently disrupt their mental health. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on anxiety, cognitive avoidance, and empathy among couples visiting counseling centers in Ahvaz city in 2020.
Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all couples with low marital adjustment who were referred to the psychological centers of Ahvaz in 2019. Using a convenience sampling method, 30 participants were selected and randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n= 15 per group). The research instruments included the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), the Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (CAQ), and the Basic Empathy Scale (BES). The experimental group underwent eight sessions (90-minutes sessions per week) of acceptance and commitment therapy, and the control group did not receive any intervention. The follow-up was performed after 45 days. Repeated-measures ANOVA in SPSS software was used to analyze the data.
Results: Acceptance and commitment therapy effectively decreased anxiety and cognitive avoidance and also increased empathy among couples in the experimental group (P<0.001). The mean pre-test and post-test scores of anxiety in the experimental group were 23.33±2.89 and 18.93±3.36 respectively, which decreased compared to the post-test (24.27±2.96) of the control group.
Conclusion: Acceptance and commitment therapy decreased anxiety, cognitive avoidance, and significantly increased empathy in married individuals. Acceptance and commitment therapy can be used to improve empathy in couples involved in marital conflicts.
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Health Psychology and Social Health
Received: 2021/04/5 | Accepted: 2021/06/13 | Published: 2021/11/19

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