The Relationship between breast self-examination and the stage of change (SOC ) Model among those volunteering in Mashhad, 2013
Mohammad Vahedian Shahroodi1, Fatemeh Pourhaje2, Habibollah Esmaily3, Fahime pourhaje4
1. Health sciences research center, Department of health and Management, school of health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2. MSc students of Health education and health promotion, Student Research Committee, Health Department of health and management, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran
3. Associated Professor, Health sciences research center, Department of Biostatistics & Epidemology, school of health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 MSc Educational Planning and Member of EDC medical university, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women. In developed countries , one in every nine women will be diagnosed with this type of cancer. The prevalence of breast cancer is increasing and compared with similar patients in Western countries are about 10 years younger. The aim of this research is Investigation breast self-examination based on stage of change (SOC) in those volunteers in Mashhad, Iran, 2013.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 410 health volunteers above age 20 years. They are people that in order to promote healthy behaviors in society , learned hygiene skills and training necessary courses and they transfer their know ledges to at least 50 families . They were selected by stratified sampling method from population covered by urban health centers of Mashhad. Each of 1 to 5 health centers of Mashhad was considered as a class. Cases were selected and studied from each class, proportional to the number of covered volunteers of that health center. Data were collected by self-report questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS software version 18 and statistical t-test, Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficient, linear regression. P value less than 0.05 was considered significance.
Results : The means’s of age participant was 34 . 7±9 . 2 In review the prediction Breast Self- examination behavior based on stage of change, it was shown that structure of stage of change 54 percent can be variable predictive in Breast Self- examination.
Conclusion: This study had shown the effectiveness of structure of stage of change to emphasize the behavior related to BSE. Thus, it seems to be a theory as a framework for designing educational programs to improve women's health and reduce deaths from breast cancer.
Keywords: stage of change, Breast self-examination, those volunteering