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:: Volume 7, Number 1 (Jan & Feb 2017) ::
J Research Health 2017, 7(1): 581-593 Back to browse issues page
A meta-analysis of studies related prevalence of depression in Iran
Mehdi Mohamadi, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal , Meroe Vameghi, Hassan Rafiey, Ameneh Setareh Forouzan, Homeira Sajjadi
Department of Social Welfare Management, Faculty Member in University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1474 Views)

Depression is one of the most important and common mood disorders. This study aimed to present a clear picture of the prevalence of depression in studies conducted in Iran. In this systematic review study, all published relevant studies were searched in credible scientific databases using standard key words. Repeated cases and those outside the time span of this study (1996 to 2011) were excluded. Articles were examined in terms of quality, and irrelevant ones were excluded. Eventually, 145 articles were selected for this systematic review. Fifteen different tools had been used in these articles, mostly standard tools such as Beck's and general health questionnaires. Beck's inventory indicated the prevalence of depression as 52.12% in students, 37.22% in the general population, 33.45% during postmenopausal period and 27.62% during pregnancy. General health questionnaire revealed the prevalence of depression as 12.02% in students, 19.46% in general population. For the older adults, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) played an important role. GDS revealed the prevalence of depression in older adults living at home as 57.58%, and in those living in nursing homes 81.85%. Because of its ubiquitous features, Beck's inventory had been used, which showed overall prevalence of depression 42.59%. Considering high prevalence of depression in Iran, greater attention to depression and preventive measures are hugely important.

Keywords: Depression, Meta-Analysis, Prevalence
Full-Text [PDF 540 kb]   (283 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Health system
Received: 2014/05/20 | Accepted: 2014/10/7 | Published: 2016/12/26
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jrh.7.1.581


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Mohamadi M, Mohaqeqi Kamal S H, Vameghi M, Rafiey H, Setareh Forouzan A, Sajjadi H. A meta-analysis of studies related prevalence of depression in Iran. J Research Health. 2017; 7 (1) :581-593
URL: http://jrh.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-749-en.html
Volume 7, Number 1 (Jan & Feb 2017) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Research and Health
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